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Grass Seed

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Fera registered seed merchants.

Our team of technical advisors consist of ex groundsmen, greenkeepers and lawncare experts.

Call us today for specialist seed advice on 01902 440250

Grass Seed Information
 

Why sow grass seed as opposed to laying turf?

Professional Grass SeedGrass established from seed as opposed to being laid as a turf thrives better and is easier to establish on slopes and in awkward corners. Seeding also offers the user a greater degree of mix and grass species choice than turf options, meaning that you can create a surface tailored to your requirements and that of the natural environment. Both surfaces require preparation, which is the key to success, and also a degree of aftercare.

 

When to sow grass seed

When To Apply SeedWe recommend sowing grass seed between Spring and mid Autumn. Lawns sown in Spring and Summer will likely require additional irrigation to provide adequate soil moisture level to achieve a good level of germination.  The late Summer period through to mid Autumn will likely provide optimum levels of natural soil moisture for germination, if additional irrigation cannot be provided. There are specialist seed mixes we have available that can establish in temperatures as low as 7 degrees celsius for emergency Winter establishment.

 

How to sow grass seed

Spreading Grass SeedThe seedbed should be prepared to ensure that the seed comes into contact with the soil to ensure a good level of germination is achieved. Weeds need to be minimised to reduce competition (consult a technical advisor for the correct recommendation on weed control products – applications of some weed killer can prevent germination and affect the establishment of new turf). Adequate nutrients and moisture need to be readily available to establishing plants.

More Information
 
  • If possible, spray off existing weeds and undesirable grasses with a glyphosate weedkiller such as Roundup.
  • After the vegetation is dead, generally 10 days later, cut off and remove or rotavate into the surface to a depth of 150mm existing turf including roots. Remove stones and debris and roughly level. Limit the amount of top soil removed as your soil is a valuable asset. Heavy clay soils might benefit from using granular seaweed that will help provide a better soil structure.
  • If undertaken over winter allow frost to kill germinating weeds and break up the seedbed.
  • Consolidate the seedbed with a light roller or tread, then rake to produce a fine tilth.
  • Apply a pre-seed fertiliser that contains phosphate that will assist in establishing young plants.
  • Sow seed at an appropriate rate: different mixtures and species require varying rates, this will be clearly indicated on the web-page and on the label.
  • If the seed is being sown directly into a sward make sure the seed is covered with an appropriate top-dressing, typically to a depth of 4mm.
  • Lightly roll to consolidate the seed within the seedbed: this provides better seed to soil contact ensuring a better and more even germination.
  • Once the grass is established apply a suitable fertiliser to encourage growth.
 
Seed selection

Different grass species provide different characteristics, i.e. they can be used in different situations to naturally provide specific benefits:

More Information
 

Perennial Rye-grass, Lolium perenne, is commonly grown within winter sports surfaces and lawns that require a reasonable level of ware tolerance. Rye grasses grow rapidly and responds well to fertiliser applications, typically between 100-300 units of nitrogen per year depending on how much wear it is subject to. Perennial Rye-grass does not possess rhizomes or stolons which enable it to spread vegetatively, and therefore requires seeding where it has been damaged or removed. As a species it is less susceptible to a lot of the turf diseases and it establishes relatively easily and quickly which is why it is commonly found in a lot of seed mixtures. Today’s Rye-grass cultivars have been selectively bred to have finer leaves, be resistant to low temperatures and be more tolerant of low mowing making them a highly popular choice for amenity use.

Fescues, Festuca, have fine leaf blades that provide a fine, ornamental turf, they are not particularly tolerant of low mowing and require a free-draining substrate to thrive. They are better suited than most species to poor soils, shaded areas and are more drought tolerant. They will be pushed out by more competitive species if they are over-fed and are not particularly hard wearing. They also produce a lot of roots and require seasonal scarification to ensure the thatch level, amount of undecayed root and organic matter, does not prohibit water percolation. Fescues are relatively tolerant of disease although they can be prone to suffer from red-thread, Laetisaria fuciformis, a fungal disease in the autumn. Fescue commonly requires 30-60 units of nitrogen per year.

Bents, Agrostis, also thrive in areas of relatively low nutrient. Bents are used in fine turf lawns and sports surfaces because they are more tolerant of wear. They produce less thatch than Fescue but are prone to diseases such as Anthracnose, Colletotrichum graminicola, and Take-all Patch, Gaeumannomyces graminis var. graminis, particularly when newly sown. They require slightly more feed per year than Fescue but less than other grass species, i.e. 60-100 units of nitrogen per year.

Smooth-stalked Meadow-grass, Poa pratensis, suits very free-draining soil that warms up quickly in the spring. It is notoriously difficult to get established, mainly because people don’t recognize that it is suited to certain substrates and not others. It is rhizomatous, it produces under-ground stems which provide a carbohydrate reserve for recovery from drought stress and dormancy, this provides more recovery than alternative species such as Perennial Rye-grass. Smooth-stalked Meadow-grass also suffers from fungal diseases such as Leaf Spot, Drechslera poae, and Rusts, Puccinia spp. Once established it can form a valuable addition to the composition of a sward commonly requiring between 60 and 100 units of nitrogen per year.

These are the most common species although there are a number of other species that are desirable within a grass sward depending on the ground, environmental and management conditions. The vast majority of grass seed mixtures are a blend of several species which enable the different characteristics of each species to be of benefit within the sward. Choosing the correct seed mix for the individual site or surface will depend upon a number of factors:

  1. What the area or pitch is being used for.
  2. The local conditions, soil types and environmental factors such as irrigation availability, nutrient programmes, thatch levels, compaction etc.
  3. The available seed sowing windows during the year.
  4. Soil temperatures and moisture level control.
  5. Post germination maintenance inputs and regimes.
  6. The amount of use a surface will have to withstand.

The use of coated seed will improve germination speed and establishment and is a useful benefit to the seed particularly in the spring when weather and ground conditions can make germination difficult.

 
Grass seed for shade

Like all green plants, grass needs light to photosynthesise. Although some grass species are better at tolerating low light levels than others. Selecting the correct seed mixture is the difference between success and failure. As a rule of thumb Red Fescue is a more tolerant species, i.e. able to accept a wide range of limiting factors e.g. drought, heat stress, low and high soil pH or salinity. Red Fescue can be subdivided into 3 groups; Chewings fescue, slender creeping red fescue (with fine rhizomes) and strong creeping red fescue (with coarse rhizomes).  Rough-stalked Meadow-grass prefers woodlands and is a natural shade-lover and recently more cultivars of this species are appearing in seed mixtures. A grass seed mixture deigned to cope with shade would contain significant proportions of these species.

 
Sowing Rates
Species Fescue Bent Perennial Rye-grass Smooth-stalked Meadow-grass
Seeding into an existing sward (g/m²) 10 – 20 4 – 5 15 – 20 15 – 20
Seeding from scratch (g/m²) 20 – 30 8 25 – 35 25 – 35
Soil temperature range required for germination (⁰C) 8 – 18 (10) 12 – 21 (3.5)7 – 25 (12) 15 – 25
Seeds per gram 1000 14,000 700 1500
Sowing depth (mm) 4 – 5 1 12 – 15 4 – 6
 
Grass Seed Germination

Different grass species germinate at varying rates; number of factors can help improve germination and chief amongst this is the preparation of the seed bed and the depth at which the seed is sown. Generally it is advisable to sow the seed at a depth roughly equivalent to the size of the seed. The seed responds to two conditions: access to moisture and appropriate soil temperatures. The size of the seed particle that is in contact with the seed will help determine if there is sufficient moisture which is why  seedbed preparation is so important. Bent grass seeds require temperatures in excess of 10 degrees Celsius whereas Perennial Rye-grass will germinate at lower temperatures e.g. 6 degrees Celsius. Perennial Rye-grass is also the quickest grass seed to germinate. It’s a relatively large seed and these resources are used to help it get established quickly. Sowing into a warm, moist, seedbed and ensuring that the seed has good contact with the soil is the best way of ensuring a rapid germination and development.

 
Aftercare

Different species grow at differing rates, Perennial Rye-grass establishes quickly, typically 1 – 2 weeks with good growing conditions, whereas Smooth-stalked Meadow-grass is slower to establish typically 3 – 4 weeks. Once there is sufficient moisture for the seed to germinate care must be taken to ensure that the soil stays moist; once the seed has used up its resources there are no second chances to get it established.

More Information
 

Protect newly sown areas from birds and prevent areas from being walked over or disturbed. Weeds should also be discouraged, certain selective herbicides can be used relatively early on in the development of the plant. For specialist advice on weed control, contact a technical advisor on 01902 440250.

Mowing can commence when the new plants are 5cm high, the initial cut should be set to 2.5cm, this should be done with a rotary mower as a cylinder mower is inclined to dislodge new plants that don’t have established root systems. Rake up the clippings otherwise this is likely to encourage moss. Mow the turf four times before gradually reducing the cutting height. Mow regularly but do not remove any more than a third of the plant as this would place the plant under too much stress, remember the root system is reliant upon all the available plant leaves to provide energy for development. As the end of the growing season draws nearer gradually increase the height of cut to reduce disease pressure and stress on the plant.

When selecting a suitable seed mixture, advice is at hand by calling 01902 440250 and speaking to a technical sales advisor. The seed mixtures that we stock have been carefully selected to offer an extremely wide range that suits all customer requirements.


Pitchcare - Grass Seed reviews

Feedback for Pitchcare - Grass Seed has been compiled from 61 customer reviews

Date Product Score Customer Comment

LM1 Grass Seed 20kg

+

Very helpfull

Greens Grass Seed

+

Good quality

Johnsons J Green

NA

used but too early for results.

MM22 Grass Seed

+

Good service, communication and delivery.


On 17-Oct-2013 the supplier responded:
Service rating :Your comments are much appreciated. The Loam you have selected is a 30% Clay content, we do have a selection of loams with clay content ranging from 24% to 41% so you have selected a middle of the range clay content loam. If you do require any further assistance on this or any future purchase, please do not hesitate in contacting our sales team directly, who are there to help. Many thanks again for the feedback to us.

David Howells
01902 440269
Internal Sales Manager
BASIS No. AR/E/5379/ICMA

Wicket Renovation Grass Seed

++

very good quick service. i have used multiple times and never had a problem

MM50 Grass Seed

++

Germinated quickly, strong growth.

LM1 Grass Seed 20kg

+

The products turned up on the day specified, but were dropped off and on the doorstep when we popped out for a short while. I particularly asked for a signed delivery and this did not happen

Wicket Renovation Grass Seed

NA

Too soon to tell how good the product is. We should know more next spring/summer.

Johnsons J Premier Pitch

+

Delivery date was not the one requested

LM3 Grass Seed 20kg

+

Seed has been sown but to early to judge

Pro Master 51 Greenscape Grass Seed

++

Worked effectively and quickly on establishing a new lawn on sloping ground.

Pro Master 36 Wicket Grass Seed

+

Very cooperative and helpful on the phone.Not so good on line for orders.

Pro Master 36 Wicket Grass Seed

-

The seed was own about 4 weeks ago and as of last week had not germinated I spoke to sales and they said it could have been too dry even though it was watered in , I will re-visit to see if it has germinated as we have had considerable rain if not I will reseed.


On 16-Oct-2013 the supplier responded:
Your feedback is very much appreciated both in the first instance of the damaged bags of which we are pleased the issue was solved quickly and to your acceptance.
In regards to the germination of the seed mentioned, hopefully you now have started to see some germination take place. As you are probably aware this is a very high quality seed from a well known industry supplier used extensively by many professional groundsman across the country using the very best cultivars. Some years can cause problems or delays in germination due to adverse weather of cooler than expected temperatures or excessive rain fall or drought. The general feedback this year is that most have experienced good germination this autumn. As the autumn progresses we would appreciate any feedback (if you could please contact me directly) on the results you have experienced. Again many thanks for feeding back this info to us and selecting Pitchcare as your supplier for these goods.

David Howells
01902 440269
Internal Sales Manager
BASIS No. AR/E/5379/ICMA

Greens Grass Seed

++

Although a little expensive

Greens Grass Seed

++

very efficient service

Ji Premier Wicket iSeed

++

Service was professional and polite

Pro Master 36 Wicket Grass Seed

++

Good quality seed which germinated well.

LM2 Grass Seed 20kg

--

Left outside in the rain, in a cardboard box with the grass seed in paper based bags , no plastic wrapper , so consequently, got wet and now doubt will function .....


On 14-Oct-2013 the supplier responded:
Mr Robson
Many thanks for your feedback. Though the outside of the bag is paper there is a protective waterproof liner on the inside of the bag to protect the seed, though I do understand your concerns of this being left outside. I have asked our warehouse team to look into the packaging of this product and see if we can put in waterproof bags when delivered during wet weather. May I take this opportunity again in thanking you for drawing this to our attention so we may improve our service.

Customer Service Team
cs@pitchcare.com
01902 440265

BAR 2

NA

Ordered on line, very easy

Barenbrug BAR Extreme Grass Seeds

NA

As Above

Pro Master 52 Greenfine Grass Seed

++

growing well excellent seed

BAR Fescue

+

good communications and fast delivery

Pro Master 36 Wicket Grass Seed

++

Excellent communication and great products

Johnsons J Wicket

++

Germinated in around 1 week

Pro Master 29 All Season Grass Seed

++

Quick and even germination, lovely green blades.

Johnsons J Wicket

NA

Applied but results not evident to date


On 17-Apr-2014 the supplier responded:
Service rating :Thank you for your feedback. We are sorry for the delay with your order. We aim to give our customers precise and accurate information regarding expected delivery dates but unfortunately it appears that in this instance our manufactures had experienced a production delay which we were not made aware of and this ultimately lead to the delay with your delivery. We have contacted your regarding this.

Customer Service Team
cs@pitchcare.com
01902440265

MM50 Grass Seed

++

Has germinated very well

LM2 Grass Seed 20kg

+

Some section of lawn has seeds growing some has not - disappointed if you want to see photograph can email it to you.

LM1 Grass Seed 20kg

+

should be good when it grows!

Johnsons J Premier Pitch

NA

service and delivery time excellent - delivery cost is expensive on some items though!

Quicksport Grass seed

+

Quick service

Prizelawn Grass Seed

++

As Above

Ji Premier Wicket iSeed

++

Good germination & coverage

Quicksport Grass seed

++

The seed germinated within a couple of weeks and has provided a suitable playing surface.

Pro Master 36 Wicket Grass Seed

++

Have replied promptly to enquiries and have been fast to deliver goods. Prices are good.

Ji Premier Wicket iSeed

NA

Recently seeded. Waiting for germination.


On 11-Oct-2013 the supplier responded:
Service rating :We are very sorry to hear that you have had quality issues with your loam this year. We appreciate you have taken time to feedback to us this information. We have many Cricket Groundsman who purchase their loam from us and we take very seriously any quality issues such as this. I have reported your findings back to the supplier and asked them to explain why damp loam was sent out for delivery.
I will email you directly to follow this up. May I take this opportunity in thanking you again for bringing this to our attention and choosing Pitchcare for your end of season renovation products.

David Howells
Internal Sales Manager
BASIS No. AR/E/5379/ICMA

Tees Grass Seed

+

easy to use website and quick delivery

Greens Grass Seed

+

As Above

Ji Premier Wicket iSeed

++

looking forward to the results of using new seed

LM2 Grass Seed 10kg

++

Great seed, good price

Pro Master 36 Wicket Grass Seed

+

Good service spoiled slightly by transport costs

Ji Premier Wicket iSeed

++

Requested specifically by our head groundsman

MM8 Grass seed

+

the seed that I picked to over seed my lawns germinated very quickley it has only been down for 4 weeks so far so good

MM50 Grass Seed

++

Germination good so far

Ji Premier Wicket iSeed

++

Cannot comment because seed has just been planted

Wicket Renovation Grass Seed

NA

price was very competitive, delivery was on time. all in all the perfect service

MM10 Grass Seed

NA

Helpful

Pro Master 35 Universal Grass Seed

++

Product arrived the next day- excellent

Lawns & Landscaping (With Ryegrass)

+

See above

Pro Master 60 Greenshade Grass Seed

++

This was used has a pitchcare recommendation with startling results, I cant thank them enough

Formal Grass Seed

++

GREENING UP NICELY, STARTING TO LOOK GOOD.

Wicket Renovation Grass Seed

++

Kept in touch to ensure delivery was exactly to our requirements.

Action Replay Grass Seed

++

does great job

ProSelect 5 20kg

NA

Am waiting for spring, as I was unable to apply seed early enough this autumn.

LM3 Grass Seed 20kg

++

fine germination


On 10-Oct-2013 the supplier responded:
Service rating :To Mr Johnston

Many thanks for your feedback on using the line marking paint. This is a very popular paint used by many groundsman but we do strive to make product improvements where needed. Is it possible you could please let me know which spray line marking machine you used and the dilution rate you applied, so we can feed this information back to the manufacturer. Your feedback is very much appreciated and can we take this opportunity in thanking you for selecting Pitchcare for your line marking paint and grass seed.

David Howells
Internal Sales Manager
BASIS No. AR/E/5379/ICMA

LM3 Grass Seed 10kg

+

Products working well

Pro Master 29 All Season Grass Seed

+

didn't have my original requested seed in stock - will wait and see what the quality is after its first winter and summer

LM2 Grass Seed 10kg

++

Great service

LM2 Grass Seed 20kg

++

As Above

LM2 Grass Seed 20kg

+

does what iy says on the packet

Ji Premier Wicket iSeed

++

High quality seed.

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