There is no doubt this year's weather will have affected the amount of play on your tennis courts; one local authority I know was not able to get regular play on their courts until late July, which in effect has reduced the amount of wear on the courts. However, this does not necessary mean that when it comes to the end of season renovations you need to do less work.
As with all natural turf surfaces, end of season renovations play a important role in ensuring the playing surfaces are fit for purpose the following year; relieving any compaction, repairing worn areas, restoring levels and re-populating the sward with new grasses are the key aims of a basic renovation
Natural grass tennis courts will be coming to the end of their playing season, with the groundstaff organising and preparing for renovation works, which often start mid September, with the aim of completing all works before the end of the month.
It is important that you carefully evaluate the needs of your courts; the work required will be determined by the condition of the courts with regard to wear (bare areas), weed infestation, levels of thatch content, nutrient status and overall surface levels
A soil analysis will help determine a number of facts to help you decide on the appropriate treatments and choice of materials required for your end of season renovations. By taking a soil sample you can also identify the amount of thatch present. This will help you decide on the level of scarification required. One of the biggest faults during renovations is the fact that many clubs do not remove enough thatch from their swards. This is often due to either not enough passes with the scarifier at the correct depths, or using a machine that is not robust enough or engineered to cope with the work required.
Once the playing season is over, take down nets and post and store away, replace broken or damaged tennis nets and posts.
Get organised for your end of season renovations, ensure you have ordered your materials to arrive on time. Check equipment, ensuring it is ready for the work entailed. Check all belts and drives on the scarifiers.
If you are intending to use a contractor to do your work, confirm start dates and be clear they understand what level of work you want.
For most clubs, the extent and thoroughness of renovations is often dictated by money and resources available. Too often I hear the same excuse, we have not got enough money to do the job properly or hire in contractors. Well for me, it's about time clubs, whether they are bowls, cricket , football or rugby, faced the fact that there is a cost incurred for materials and hire of specialist services, and they are not becoming cheaper. However, when you actually divide the cost into the amount of games played on the facility, you will actually find the costs are very cheap.
Do not skimp on the quality of seed and fertilisers. At the end of the day, you get what you pay for. Just remember, it takes many years of research and development to bring many of our common materials to market.
It is important to ensure that all materials (seed, fertilisers, topdressings) and any hired machinery have arrived, and are secured and stored safely on site ready for use. Often, when ordering materials late, you may be faced with delays on delivery or not being able to get the products you want in time for your planned works.
Mow the sward, preparing surfaces for renovation. Lower cutting height to about 3-4mm to clean and prepare courts.
Scarification - depending on the severity of the thatch, you may need to scarify several times in different directions. However, in most cases, if regular verticutting/grooming has taken place during the growing season, you would probably only be required to scarify in two directions. Do not scarify at right angles to the previous scarification line. Depth of scarification between 4-15mm depending on depth of thatch to remove.
The rotary mower can then be used to clean up the courts after scarifying has been completed.
Aerate to relieve compaction and encourage root development. Aeration is the decompaction of soil, improving air and gas exchange in the soil profile. Depending on the turf's condition, you can choose to carry out hollow or solid tine spiking. Hollow tines are generally used on a bi-annual basis or when you have a severe thatch problem. Depth of aeration will be determined by the depth of your soil profile and what problems you want to rectify. Hollow tining is best achieved to a depth of between 75-100mm. Solid or slit tines can be set to penetrate deeper, ideally between 100-200mm.
Topdressing restores levels and improves surface drainage. Ensure you use compatible topdressing materials, sands, sand/soil mixes. Spreading can be achieved by several methods, utilising pedestrian or ride-on, disc or drop action top spreaders, or by hand using a shovel and a barrow. Best carried out in dry weather. It is important that the topdressings are spread uniformly. Brush to incorporate dressings and to help the grass stand back up. Brush in with a lute or drag brush/mat to restore levels.
Overseeding restores grass populations. It is important to ensure a good groove or hole is made to receive the seed; good seed to soil contact is essential for germination. Good moisture and soil temperatures will see the seed germinate between 7-14 days.
Fertilising provides nutrients for grass growth. Apply a low N nitrogen fertiliser product, something like an NPK 5:5:15, to help the sward through the autumn period.
It is essential to keep the sward watered after renovations to ensure your seed germinates.
Useful Information for End of season renovations
|A twenty year makeover of the tennis courts at Norton in Hales||Tennis|
Mowing frequency will be dependent on a number of factors: grass growth, sward type, level or standard of facility, resources (staff and machinery).
Generally, it may only need mowing on a weekly or fortnightly basis to keep tidy during the winter months. The mowing height on the courts should be maintained between 12mm and 18mm.
Newly sown courts can attract birds that feed on the seed; it may pay to install a bird scarer to help keep them at bay.
Useful Information for Mowing
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It is important to maintain and keep in good order any fence line or hedges that surround your courts; they are there to provide a screening purpose, retain balls and protect / secure the court. There is nothing worse than seeing an un-kept hedge or fence line.
This time of the year is an ideal time to complete any repairs or maintenance works required before going into the dark winter months.
Inspect, paint, repair wooden and metal fences.
Useful Information for Fence lines / Hedges
|Wimbledon's preparations for Olympic tennis||Moss Control|
Artificial Surfaces:- Keep surface clean with regular sweeping and brushing. Remove any algae and moss from surface. Sand filled systems require regular brushing to maintain manufacturer's recommendations on sand levels and pile heights.
American Fast Dry courts - keep surface clean, rolling to consolidate surface, levelling and brushing of fast dry materials, brushing to clean lines.
Clay courts - regular sweeping and brushing to restore playing levels using SISIS Trulute or similar equipment. Topdress any hollows or damaged areas. Repaint lines.
Tarmacadam - regular sweeping and brushing. Repair any hollows or damaged areas. Repaint lines.
Useful Information for Artificial Surfaces
|Brushing up on artificials.||Tennis Accessories|
Inspect floodlights:- Check they a have appropriate safety certificates and have been inspected by a qualified electrician, replace any bulbs and check for any light pollution
Materials:- Check materials stock and organise your end of season servicing of machinery
Nets and posts:- Store away nets and tennis posts, replace any damaged nets/ posts