Trinity College Dublin is the oldest university in Ireland. It was created by Royal Charter in 1592, at which point Dublin Corporation provided a suitable site, the former Priory of All Hallows, an Augustinian house which was founded by Dermot McMurrough in 1166 and which survived until its dissolution under Henry VIII in the 1530s.
Queen Elizabeth I said Trinity College was to be for "the education, training and instruction of youths in the study of the liberal arts and in the cultivation of virtue and religion".
The College is recognised internationally as Ireland's premier university and is ranked 61st in the top 100 world universities by the QS World University Rankings 2013.
At first glance, you would expect that it takes very little to maintain the grounds at Trinity. After all, there are only a couple of pitches and some lawns dotted around here and there on the campus, yet nothing could be further from the truth.
The Grounds Supervisor is David Hackett. A former Botanic Gardens student, David has held that position since 1992. Prior to that he worked for thirteen years with Dún Laoghaire Corporation's Parks Department (now Dún Laoghaire Rathdown County Council). He also teaches in the Dublin School of Horticulture and is a Royal Horticulture Society (RHS) assessor for Dublin for level 2 and 3 qualifications.
In this article, David enlightened me as to what his responsibilities are on the forty-six acre main campus site; my perception of maintaining "just a few pitches and lawns" quickly disappeared.
On site, there is one football pitch, one hockey pitch (which, in summer, changes to a cricket pitch along with a grass running track to BHAA standard around the perimeter), a newly constructed rugby pitch, three artificial tennis courts, a Futsal pitch, croquet lawn, along with the lawns spread across the whole campus. On top of that, David is also responsible for the hundreds of trees (mostly mature), the litter bins, planting beds and an indoor tree arboretum that is located within the science laboratories.
Yet, there is more to David's long list of responsibilities. In Santry, on the north side of Dublin, there are a further thirty-two acres of sportsfields to be maintained, plus a boat club in Island Bridge, ten acres of ground at St. James and Tallaght hospitals (where the Trinity medical students train) and, if this is not enough, there is the twelve acre Trinity College Botanic Garden in Dartry. To maintain all these facilities, David has fifteen staff working under him.
There is not enough space to cover everything that David does, so this article will only concentrate on what is involved maintaining the grounds in Trinity.
The hockey, cricket and football pitches lie on one of the oldest sites in Dublin. The land was originally part of the mud flats of the River Liffey. This land was reclaimed where, eventually, All Hallows Priory was built. Even today, the flow of the Liffey influences the drainage of the pitches. If heavy rain falls and the tide is out, the pitches will drain very quickly and play can resume almost immediately. But, if there is a full tide, it will take several hours before the surfaces are playable.
The site of St. Patrick's Well (which Nassau Street was named after) is situated very close to the pitches. There are no man-made drains under these pitches. The soil is naturally rich in potassium and phosphorus, so the fertiliser applied will have no P or K - usually 46:0:0. The soil PH ranges from 7.8 - 7.9. David gets the soil tested every two years. Tissue analysis is done in the alternating years.
With regard to the cricket square, this is rolled and compacted as much as possible. Topdressing is carried out during the winter months using imported fine clay from England - particle size needs to be 0.0002mm and is not available commercially in Ireland.
The summer height of cut of the square is 3mm, whilst the outfield is mown at 7mm. The hockey and football pitches are cut at 20mm. Pure ryegrass is grown on the cricket pitch, whilst the outfield will have a hard fescue and smooth stalked meadow grass sward. A four month slow release fertiliser (10:2:4) is used on the cricket square during the growing season.
A grass running track is provided from April to September, around the perimeter of the pitches, and is maintained to Business Houses Athletic Association (BHAA) standards. The track is overseeded and aerated at a depth of eight inches (200mm) during March. The height of cut of the grass track will be reduced to 7mm in April and maintained at this height until September.
Construction of a state of the art rugby pitch began in September 2013 and David hopes that it will be ready for play by August 2014. The grass type used is ryegrass and hard fescue and was sown on a 100mm sand rootzone. Drains were installed under the rootzone.
All of the pitches mentioned above are maintained to a very high standard. They have to be as Trinity teams take part in the Irish Division One football and cricket leagues as well as athletic competitions,so it is important for David and his crew to get it right first time.
There is a fine pavilion on the eastern side of the pitches, which contains the dressing rooms. The pavilion is styled on the Lord's Cricket Pavilion. It is very eco friendly and has solar panels installed for heating along with a rainwater collection system. Trinity recently obtained a Green Flag Award, making it the first third level institute in a capital city to achieve such an award anywhere in the world.
The croquet lawn creates a bit of a headache for David and his staff as it is the site used for the famous annual Trinity Ball. A marquee and concert stage is erected over the lawn where up to 7,000 students and their partners dance the night away, resulting in a a big clean-up operation.
There are around six hundred trees growing on the grounds, comprising an eclectic mixture of species brought together from many parts of the world. There are eight species of maple, including the iconic Oregon maple in Library Square, seven species of oak, along with ash, silver birch, alder, wild cherry, holly, arbutus, hawthorn, and wych elm. The large Oregon maple in Library Square is described in The Tree Council of Ireland's Champion Trees list as having the "second greatest girth of its kind in Ireland" and is thought to have arisen from the first batch of seed brought back by Scottish botanist and explorer, David Douglas, in 1827.
The vast majority of trees are deciduous bringing a multitude of challenges, particularly leaf collection and removal during the autumn and early winter. All the leaves are gathered and put into large containers where they are taken to the Santry site for composting.
The indoor arboretum houses many tropical plants, including a thirty foot high banana tree. These trees grow directly in the ground. David has an automatic watering system installed where each plant is given a prescribed amount of water at night.
As Trinity lies on a site of archeological interest, any work on the ground that involves digging (such as tree planting or drainage works), must be supervised by an archaeologist. The remains of the Old Hallows Priory and burial grounds lie directly under the west end of the campus. Reminders of the medieval site are still present.
Back in 1948, two birch trees were planted, each one in the centre of the two lawns inside the front College Green entrance. Both share the same genetic make up and were planted on the same day. Sixty-six years later, one of the trees is much bigger than the other. The reason for this is that the smaller tree is restricted in growth as it was planted over the rubble from the remains of the ancient priory. The taller tree had more fertile ground to grow in and thrived far better than its sister on the other side of the path.
David Hackett has his office on the third floor of a building overlooking Pearse Street. When you walk inside it is like stepping back in time.
The original stairs and banisters are still there, as too are the timber window frames. Some of the glass in the windows is as old as the window frames themselves and, if a pane of glass needs replacing, the replacement glass has to be made by hand. The building has a preservation order on it.
All the 120 litter bins on site are David's responsibility. These include thirty-six solar powered compacting bins (on the main campus, with six on the St. James' hospital site). These are very efficient and save a lot of manpower. When the bins are half full of rubbish, a signal is sent to a control panel attached to the bin, which activates a compactor to crush the waste inside, leaving space for more rubbish. David tells me that, instead of emptying the bins every day, these solar powered bins don't have to be emptied until every third or fourth day. Plans are in place to replace the remaining litter bins with solar powered ones.
Waste in the college is separated into a long list of various components. These include mixed dry recyclables (plastic, tetrapack, cans, newsprint and light cardboard), glass, organic waste (food, grounds and animal bedding), paper, cardboard (baled into 500kg bales), batteries, WEEE (all electrical items with a battery or a plug), light bulbs (as hazardous recyclables), timber, construction and demolition (building project waste all of which is recycled), metal recycling, hazardous materials and chemicals, waste oils (recycled). The annual amount of waste collected is staggering.
After spending time with David I now have a completely new perspective of Trinity College Dublin. Next time I visit I will look at the pitches, trees and lawns in a different light. And, when I dump my can of coke and sandwich wrapper in one of the bins, I will think of the tonnes of recycling that takes place each year thanks to David and his team.
What's in the shed?
John Deere 2653B triplex mower
Jacobsen T-Plex 185 tees mower
2 x Toro 30" rotary mowers
Jacobsen Eclipse cylinder mower
2 x Lloyds Paladin 20" cylinder mowers
Ransome 36" cylinder mower
4 x Rover pro cut rotary mowers
Kubota BX2200 tractor with snow blade, brush and Quad X spreader
Poweroll 15 roller
Hardi TR3 sprayer with 3m boom and 50m reel with hand lance
Stihl earth auger with 100 + 200mm bits
3 x backpack blowers
Hand held brushcutter
2 x 30" + pole hedge trimmers
Shibaura S320 tractor
Borisco diesel mobile well pump
Hako Profi-Variette + BSG brushes
Bauer 401 sprinkler + 6 x portable sprinklers
2 x Sisis pedestrian scarifiers
3 x chainsaws
1 x pole chainsaw
Billy Goat truck loader vacuum
Sisis MS4 spiker
Sisis Autospread topdresser
Sisis reciprocating pto driven brush
Falcon compressor with 600mm + 300mm aerator attachments
Allied 414S2D road sweeper
Simm power washer
Ryan Mataway pedestrian overseeder
Hand dragmats, brushes and trulutes
Pedestrian water collecting roller
Groundsman 460 SDR spiker
Scotts 2000 spreader
1 x manual soil screen (drum type)
Paterson sarrel roller
Water bowser 1140 litre
Overton backpack vacume
Greenmech chipper shredder
This article first appeared in Greenside, the official publication of the GCSAI